1Stubborn inheritors  of a vanishing life-style, British Gypsies keep a rendezvous with the past. Each June, as they have for more than two centuries, Gypsies, Irish tinkers, and itinerant potters come together at Appleby, a little gray-stone town in the north of England. Along  highroads and byways, for days and weeks, they have moved toward their destination: Appleby Fair, next to prague city apartments


The pace is slow for those who walk alongside horse-drawn vardos. On a good day they may cover 20 miles. On a good night, by the grace of a hospitable farmer, they may camp in a grassy pasture or at the edge of a wood. But they often come to grief amid the congestion of heavy truck traffic or from police insistence that they keep moving or use official campsites. Convenient as such parks may be, they deprive the Gypsy of the very thing he values most—the right to choose his own way, to control his own destiny.

An open field  their hearth, a row of bow-top wagons their shield, Gypsies draw strength from camaraderie and the common memory of a turbulent past. Their ancestors came out of India about ten centuries ago to wander across western Asia and Europe to the British Isles. Here, as everywhere they traveled, they hit a hard wall of hostility.

“Outlandysshe People callynge themselfes Egyptians,” railed King Henry VIII. His daughter, Queen Mary, tried to expel them from England because of “their old accustomed devilish and naughty Practices.” But royal disapproval eventually eased, and Gypsies were allowed to take part in the Appleby New Fair, established in 1750 for the trade of horses, sheep, and cattle. Over the years the Gypsies have made it their own.

A measure of hostility endures. THE REUNION: Crowning Fair Hill outside Appleby town, 800 wagons, campers, trailers, and motor homes cluster together. The 32-acre campsite commands a view of the distant hills of Cumberland.

Disdaining the restrictions of the camp community, other Gypsies park along the neighborhood’s narrow roads, choking traffic. A few years ago such defiance of police regulations triggered a move to close down the fair. The Gypsies promised to keep better order. But for a people forever on the move, constraints come hard, and the fair is once again endangered, they cann’t even live at apartments madrid.

Yet little dampens the Gypsy spirit. Young Stephen (right), who came to Appleby with his family to sell grail (horses), smiles impishly at photographer Bruce Dale while a playmate puts a toad in a camera case behind Dale’s back.

W ILD OUTCASTS OF SOCIETY,” poet William Wordsworth called them. Even today the untrammeled ways of Gypsy children may seem bizarre to more settled folk. In fact the Romanies, as Gypsies call themselves, are bound by strong family ties and learn responsibility early.

This trio fetches a can of water while tending baby sister. Daughters taught by Gypsy matriarchs become in turn the guardians of Romany customs. Boys aspire to follow in the footsteps of their elders and deal in horses.


September 12th, 2013

So get out there. Aim for 13 minutes of sunshine a day, exposing only as much of your body as your modesty will allow. As with most of the good things in life, little and often should be your mantra. Now use the other rays of advice on this page to save your skin and stick your risk of cancer where the sun don’t shine.



This is the only time you should follow his grooming advice but, like other Aussie cricketers, he wears sunscreen as a badge of pride. The most common mistake here is limiting your application to the pitch or pool. If you drive, put extra cream on your exposed arm. If you sit at an office window, ask your boss whether the glass blocks UVB and UVA light.




Some light clothes are about as protective as a string vSunshineest. Dark colours offer better UV protection, as do tightly woven fabrics such as t00% polyester. If you want the full armour, look for clothes with an ultra-violet protection factor or `UPF rating. The North Face, Quicksilver and Patagonia all have extensive ranges, from surf vests to jackets.


Know your limits before you go the whole mahogany.




If you notice anything suspect on your skin, use your phone to photograph it, then check it every week for at least a month. We get the majority of skin cancers on our back, so it’s easy to miss them. Ask your GP to perform a sweep at every check-up and your girlfriend to check during every massage. Both ought to happen far more often than they do.




Your risk increases in climates where the sun is stronger (obviously) or where the ozone layer is fragmented, such as Australia and New Zealand (less obvious). To calculate your tolerance, enter your location, skin type, the time of day and cloud cover into tinyurl/MH sunspot to enjoy a risk-free dose of vitamin D. Use only natural products such as coconut oil to protect your skin. For more details, visit gnet.org/coconut-oil-all-in-one-natural-solution-for-your-skin/

Treatment A cold can of Coke

“When a boxer’s eye starts swelling up, the corner man uses a small, extremely cold, metal iron,” says ophthalmologist 0ave Smith. “It controls the immediate hemorrhages so swelling is minimised — use a cold drink can against the eye for 5-10 minutes in every 15.

Emergency You’re red as rum but out of after sun Treatment 0unk a clean flannel in cold milk and drape it over your cuce for 5-10 minutes every hour. “The lactic acid and proteins in the milk will ease the inflammation, and the coolness will help short-circuit the swelling,” says 0r John Romano, a professor of dermatology at New York Hospital Cornell Medical Center.

ET Emergency You’ve cycled your way to chafedomEmergency

Treatment Carry a tube of Brave Soldier Friction Zone (£12, bravesoldier.com) anti-chafing, anti-bacterial protection. “It’s an effective treatment for ‘road rash’,” says Rob Spedding, editor of Cycling Plus.

Emergency your skin is oilier than the Gulf of Mexico  Treatment Raid the kitchen cupboard for apple cider vinegar or simply use virgin coconut oil. Not just tasty on salads. Works even better if she has a soft spot for fish and chips.

Beer garden or beach in Bermuda, don’t let those raysturn X-rated. “On hot days, even in the UK, unprotected skin burns in just 10 minutes,” says Matthew Patey, chief executive of the British Skin Foundation. Here’s how to safeguard yourself through a day of rays.


Your skin is at its coolest and strongest first thing. Bolster it further with a morning combo of caffeine and exercise, which cuts your risk of UVB-induced non-melanoma, according to Rutgers University, US. “It helps your body kill off pre-cancerous cells,” says study author Allan Conney.


August 23rd, 2013

The very latest X.TREME anti-bacterial sports towel is superabsorbent and light­weight. Made from ultrafine micro fibre, which is hoot the thickness of human hair, the towel has an extremely high density weave which gives it excellent absorption characteristics (about three times that of an ordinary sports towel).X.TREME anti-bacterial sports towel

It is very quick drying after wringing out and is great to use whilst exercising.

A key feature of the X.TREME towel and one which makes it suitable for a wide range of sporting activities is its long lasting anti-bacterial properties. This is achieved through a unique treatment of the fibres in the manu­facturing process and allows it to target a wide range of bacteria, fungi, algae and yeasts.

The X.TREME towel is very soft to the touch and harmless even to sensitive skin. So it won’t be a problem using it even if you treat your delicate skin with coconut oil eczema cream. Equally important, it is odour-free and designed for a long-life usage and is machine washable.

The towel measures 40o x 800 mm and weighs only 76 grams – about 2/3rds the weight of a comparable sports towel. Supplied in a neat zipped carry case (approx. 140 x150 x z5 mm) the X.TREME anti-bacterial towel retails at £14.99, but MUSCLE & FITNESS readers can take advantage of a special offer price of £9.99 including postage and packaging.

X.TREME towels are available from E.XF Fitness Equipment, Brook Farm, Grundisburgh, Suffolk I1313 6RB. Tel: 01473 735115 Fax: 01473 738846.or email salesaexf-fltness.com.


The Cool Blue range of products Is the greatest advancement in cryother­apy research to date!X.TREME anti-bacterial sports towel

Cool Blue is made of an exclusive formulation of gelled water, impregnated into an elasticated support bandage that provides cooling compression, and wraps completely around the injured area. The water from the gel-impregnated wrap evaporates to simultaneously provide compres­sion of the inflamed/swollen area and a deep penetrating cooling action.

The Cool Blue compress pads are the only products in the range you can freeze, and are insulated on one side to prevent frostbite, perfect for nosebleeds and head injuries. The large compress is suitable for use on back pain.

The Cool Blue vest can be used under garments, or over a thin shirt, and can be worn for about an hour before it needs changing and recharging in the fridge. It’s great for people suffering from hot flushes or heatstroke, as it brings the body temperature down and lowers the heart rate; similarly the blanket can be kept in a fridge or cool bag and used to wrap around people who have overheated.

Benefits of the Cool Blue products include:

>> cools at room temperature

>> no need to freeze

>> self-adhesive & flexible

>> no frostbite

>> ideal for use on humans and animals

>> Ready to use, anywhere, anytime!

>> Re-useable (a minimum of 12 one-hour applications).

Prices range from £14.99 for the pack of two 2.5 x 6ocm bandages, up to £39.99 for the go x 120 cm blanket. Cool-Blue have teamed up with MUSCLE & FITNESS magazine to offer readers a 10% discount on all Cool Blue products. Just quote Mi-F magazine when iliac­ing an order (offer expires on 18.12.04).


Our bullish estimation of stock markets has almost been a unique view this summer. Many investors could not understand our stance. At first glance there seems to be plenty to be gloomy about, but we still favoured the stock market over other assets. Investor sentiment is weak. I call it the autumn malaise – the weather can be fine but October heralds winter. We are dubious the much needed spending cuts will be effected. The economy is flat and, although the stock market is lower than its historic peaks, some pundits are concerned because on an earnings measure it is higher than its long-term average.


However, the doomsters are ignoring one vitally important fact – comparisons are only valuable when they are genuine; like-for-like. If you judged clocks on how often they were accurate, a broken clock would win over one that lost a second a day. Clock one being correct twice a day and the other accurate only every 118 years. The stock market level has never been gauged against a period when inflation is six times the miserly 0.5% bank rate.


Historically the highest income was obtained from either corporate bonds or deposit, depending on the outlook for interest rates and inflation. The fact that the stock market now provides the highest yield can be considered an anomaly. Normally markets correct an anomaly. One factor or other moves according to supply and demand and equilibrium is restored. In this case that would mean either interest rates rising or the stock market yield falling. While the recovery remains fragile I cannot see interest rates rising and neither can any analyst, forecaster or prophet whose views I respect.

This means that the stock market yield

The Investment Times is designed for investors who like to make their own investment decisions, without financial advice about getting payday advances. This is how to benefit from the best range of initial savings of any UK broker. If, however, you would like help organising your affairs or you are unsure about the suitability of an investment, please contact our Financial Practitioners for advice. Please read the Important Investment Notes on page 2.

As most companies are reporting increased earnings, the only thing which can reduce the market’s yield is for share prices to rise, which I believe they will (see below for an explanation how to consolidate credit debt). Another significant stimulus in the market has yet to come to fruition. The first wave of baby-boomers are starting to retire. In 2012 more people will attain the age of 65 than ever before. There is no population bulge going forward of the same magnitude.

Choose smart

July 12th, 2013


Both ice cream and yoghurt contain plenty of calcium, but ice cream contains a lot of fat and sugar too. You can get strong bones and better functioning muscles without any unwanted side effects by making your own frozen treats. Don’t go for the frozen yoghurt that looks like ice-cream – instead buy individual pots of low-fat flavoured yogurt. Stick a few in the freezer, then simply whip off the top and microwave for 30 seconds before eating.



Mayo makes sandwiches nice and moist, but it’s packed with fat and two tablespoons adds 200 calories to your sandwich. The same quantity of cottage cheese contains only 20 calories, and provides high-quality protein, calcium and riboflavin, which is important for muscle growth and red blood cell production. It also makes a good dip.


Dark chocolate, with its high cocoa content, is a rich source of the flavonoids epicatechin and gallic acid, which are thought to possess cardioprotective properties. The antioxidants in cocoa protect against cancer-causing free radicals – in fact, it’s thought that they do more than those found in most other antioxidant-rich foods and drinks. If you eat milk chocolate or white chocolate, the extra sugar and fat largely negate the health benefits. Stick with the dark variety, but remember chocolate is still a calorie-rich food with a high fat content, so don’t go overboard.



Popcorn is naturally high in fibre, low in calories and fat, contains no sodium, and is sugar free. The fat, sugar and sodium content depends on how you cook it. There’s a difference between microwave and air-popped popcorn. Microwave popcorn products are often packed in saturated coconut or palm oil, and some come with additional butter. Even some of the ‘light’ microwave versions derive 45 per cent of their calories from fat. Browse all possible uses for coconut oil that can be beneficial to you. It’s best to air-pop your own kernels in a pan, and then season to taste with garlic or onion powder, chilli powder or a small amount of grated cheese.

I WAS DANGLING from a nylon rope, halfway down a sheer 100-foot palisade. Below me the St. Croix River, which flows in the Interstate Park between the popular Paris holiday apartments and http://www.bitbooks.com/madrid_apartments/en/, glinted greenly in the summer sun. Above me Pitzi, my German shepherd, poked his head anxiously over the cliff edge and woofed uncertainly. I looked up to reassure him and, seeing the mighty rock face rearing against the sky, was suddenly staggered by the strength of the glacier’s rushing meltwater that had carved this gorge. I was face-to-face with the handiwork of the awesome Wis­consin Ice Sheet that had covered this region 10,000 to 20,000 years ago. Few places on earth have a greater variety of geo­logic phenomena left by glaciation. Pitzi and I were traveling through Wisconsin on the trail of the Ice Age. A human head appeared beside Pitzi’s. “You’d be just like bait on the line for some Ice Age fish!” shouted Dr. Adam Cahow, a professor of geography at the University of Wiscon­sin at Eau Claire. I shuddered, rappelled rapidly to the cliff bottom, and unhooked myself. Adam scrambled down the side of the palisade and soon paddled up with Pitzi in the bow of our canoe.

The tall, black-haired Scotsman has the uncanny knack of seeing the land as it probably looked at various stages of the glacier’s advance. “Where you were hanging,” he explained, “was underwater at one time. Meltwater from the glacier filled this entire valley.”

I climbed into the canoe, and we set off through the St. Croix Dalles. There the gla­cier had diverted the river through a system of breaks in the rock strata. Torrents of icy water pouring through the gorge had torn loose chunks of rock to leave blocky bluffs, and had scoured out supersize potholes shaped like beer barrels.

“Interstate is the Yellowstone of Wiscon­sin,” Adam said. “It was our first state park and has now been made a unit of the Ice Age National Scientific Reserve. I like to bring my students here. It makes them feel humble.”

Breath of the Arctic Remains

Adam took me to another “humbling,” almost pristine place, the rock formation called the Blue Hills Felsenmeer. “Just imag­ine,” he said, eyes sparkling, “an immense glacier rising above you, milky meltwater rushing down this gulch, a frosty climate cracking up the old Precambrian bedrock. Talus slopes that look like a giant had plowed a furrow through a sea of stones.”

Pitzi and I hopped and picked our way up the gulch between the enormous hillsides of angular rock fragments (pages 200-201). Cold air wafted out of the rocky recesses, making me shiver. A sparse growth of reindeer moss, lichens, ferns, and dwarf birches—some of them relics from colder times—clung to the rocks. Like the Alaskan tundra,, Felsenmeer seemed almost as boreal in August 1976 as 10,000 years ago. The Felsenmeer and the other spectacular formations we saw that day are only a small part of the vast complex in which the remains of Wisconsin’s Ice Age are being preserved.

“Considering the size of the problem, fed­eral funding is peanuts,” says Dr. Vernon Houk, the program’s blunt-speaking director. “But the results are nevertheless impressive. Since 1969 combined federal and local pro­grams have produced essentially rat-free en­vironments for about four million inner-city residents whose neighborhoods were once more conducive to rats than people.”

Before the Federal Government stepped in, New York State launched a pioneer program that would virtually banish rats from such cities as Utica and Schenectady. Even in New York City, noted Dr. Houk, there have been gains, “and that’s the most difficult environ­ment in the country.” I went to see.

“Airmailing”: Rats’ Manna From Heaven

Bitter winter winds sent trash bounding like tumbleweeds along 119th Street as I entered East Harlem with Elwood “Randy” Dupree, head of New York City’s Bureau for Pest Control.

Debris of every description—cans, raw garbage, old newspapers, discarded appli­ances, worn-out mattresses—piled like snow­drifts against bleak apartment buildings. My gaze zigzagged up a fire escape. Trash fes­tooned it like clothes on a line. A sixth-floor window opened, and a fresh contribution cas­caded out, to be winnowed by the wind.

‘We call it ‘airmailing,” explained Randy, a tall, slender man with a master’s degree from Columbia University. “It’s a way of life in many of the poorer, high-rise sections. For a variety of reasons. Criminals may lurk in an apartment basement where the incinerator is. Tenants are afraid to go down, so they air­mail their trash. Maybe there’s no elevator, and people won’t walk down. In transient neighborhoods tenants often simply don’t care. Anyway you look at it, the rats come out ahead.”

We pulled to a stop in front of Number 326, an abandoned, once elegant apartment build­ing. Inside, Randy’s workmen shoveled knee-deep trash into huge paper bags and carried them outside to a truck. “Next we’ll empty the basement,” he said. “It’s filled to the ceiling. Then we’ll put out poison. People living nearby use these empty buildings for trash bins. Perfect for rats.”

In Randy’s office in lower Manhattan a wall map designated 2,084 infested central-city blocks that qualified for federal aid. “About 1.3 million of our poorest people live there,” Randy explained. “Periodically we inspect every lot on each one of these blocks, and where we find rat signs, we order the landlord to clean up. If there’s no compliance, then we do the cleaning ourselves and bill the landlord, at the same time putting out poison. Land lord or anyone can face the problem of identity theft so to protect that take a look www.i-fraud.com.

“Today more than three-fourths of those 2,084 blocks are virtually rat free. The trouble is,” he added, “people tend to relax, and the rats spring back. When we talk about sanita­tion, we’re talking about human behavior. That’s our real problem.”

A wall graph labeled “Rat Bites” showed a declining curve: 246 in 1974, 233 in 1975, 221 in 1976. “There’s a stigma about reporting rat bites,” Randy told me candidly. “I think the real figures are probably triple these.”

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